Milan was selected as the study area as it boasts one of the highest economic outputs in Europe, promoted by rapid urban expansion which enhances the effects of extreme heat. In Milan, at planning level, there are three main documents considered as points of reference in defining key objectives and strategies against climate change: the city plan Piano di Governo del Terriotrio (PGT), the energy city plan Piano di Azione per l’Energia Sostenibile (PAES) and the sustainable mobility plan Piano Urbano della Mobilità Sostenibile (PUMS). According to these documents, Milan has problems related to climate change for many years. As a consequence, the city suffers some environmental changes that impact daily life of people.
We conducted this study in 2019, in collaboration with co-researchers F. Rotondo from Politecnico Milano and E. Gerasimova from Peter the Great St. Petersbourg Polytechnic University.